H&M Garment Collection Program Makes Great Contribution to Recycling

Introducing the Garment Collection Program in Turkey, a project aiming to contribute to recycling, H&M seeks a sustainable fashion for the future. The Swedish-based H&M’s garment collection program has been launched all over the world.

The Garment Collection Program, a global initiative launched by H&M for the future of a sustainable fashion, makes a major contribution to recycling. All kinds of clothes, which are no longer used, torn, cut, removed, one pair lost or not liked anymore, are taken to the H&M stores to give them a new life and contribute to the ecosystem.

Announcing the campaign with the slogan “Bring It” to prevent fashion from being thrown away, H&M emphasizes that it does not matter whether the garments are too much worn out for the second chance. Even old, torn or faded home textile products are also included in the campaign. In this program, the garments are first collected and classified, and then sent to the relevant process according to their classification.

The program consists of 3 phases, which are:

Wear Again

In this phase, which is designed to prevent the re-wearable garments to be wasted, the products continue to be used to reduce waste production with the zero waste approach.

Reuse

Garments, which can no longer can be used, are decomposed into new products. These products, which have lost their ability to be reused, are recycled without being wasted.

Recycle

H&M’s message for this class is as such:

“Put the garment you don’t use anymore in a plastic bag and put it in the recycle bin at the nearest store. Regardless of their brand and condition, all kinds of textiles including socks with lost pairs, worn out t-shirts and old linens are accepted. Products are sent to the nearest recycling facility and separated by hand. For each textile product bag you leave, you will be entitled to receive a discount coupon, which you can use for your next exciting purchase.”

Fabrics, which cannot be reused, have a second chance to be used as textile fibers or are used in the manufacture of insulation and humidifying materials for the automotive industry. All the income from the collected garments is donated to the textile recycling researches and social responsibility projects.

So what happens to the donated textile products?

By using reverse logistics, the collected garments are taken to the company’s warehouses and collection points. The solution partner, I:CO, takes the collected garments from these locations and takes them to the nearest separation place.

The collected products are categorized and separated, and the reusable ones are given to people who need them. Then, the non-reusable ones are turned into cleaning cloths and advanced recycling products. And some of them are ground and used as filling material in the construction and automotive industries. Some products are given a second chance to be used as textile fibers. These are made into yarns and used in H&M Conscious products.

Nothing is wasted during this process. Even buttons and zippers are spearated and recycled. Even the dust that come out is used. They are turned into cube-shaped cardboard by-products to be used in the paper industry. The last remaining percentage are burned and turned into energy.

Textile Recycling Contributes Greatly to Economy and Environment

Recycling has gained importance with the problems caused by industrialization such as the depletion of natural resources and the increase in environmental pollution. Efforts to improve recycling in the textile industry, second to the petroleum industry in polluting the world, has gained momentum day by day.

Textile waste consists of wastes from artificial yarn factories, textile manufacturing wastes and consumer wastes. Organizations, which aim to produce global solutions for the textile and apparel industries are working on the reuse and recycling of textile wastes.

Intensive efforts are being made for the reuse of almost 100% of textile products as it bears a great importance. For example, denim products may contain up to 20% recycled cotton fibers. More technological innovation is needed in ordeer to increase this rate without compromising quality. In the recycling of denim products, unused denim products are disintegrated until they turn into fibers. Most of these fibers are used as insulating material while the rest of them is mixed with unused fibers to produce new fabrics.

Recycling Helps Reduce Carbon Footprint

Recycling facilities are needed to use clothes for recycling. A recycling facility can be established if 500 tons or more textile products can be collected on a daily basis. Natural resources are conserved, energy saving is achieved, waste amount is reduced, economy is contributed, and more investment can be made for the future all thanks to the waste recycling.

To produce a simple T-shirt and jeans, 8 tonnes of water is consumed. At the same time, an unpredictable amount of chemical materials and energy are used to turn fabrics into apparels. A large amount of chemicals are releaed into the environment from fabric dyes used in the production of conventional cotton or clothes with numerous colors. Recycling this large amount of water and energy starts by adding the unused clothes to the production cycle.

The carbon footprint, which shows the amount of carbon used per person released to the environment is reduced by recycling the clothes in the production cycle. This way, a contribution is made for the environment. Habits like walking or cycling instead of driving or using public transportation instead of private cars, and recycling old clothes help reduce the carbon footprint. Recycling a single pair of jeans helps reusing of 32 kgs of carbon released into the air and 400 MJ of energy in production, thus helping keep the carbon emission remain steady rather than increased.

How to Recycle Textiles?

Textile recycling is almost identical to the recycling of other substances and undergoes the same processes. First of all, the wastes obtained from manufacturers and consumers are placed in a certain order according to the fabric color and type. A correct classification is the most important part in recycling.

In case of an error, products obtained from recycling may also differ. New substances obtained from certain processes are sold to the new buyers according to the differences of usage and reintroduced in the economy.

Fabric Recycling

Fabric recycling is riskier than other recycling areas and requires more labor. There is more intensive competition in fabric recycling. The color and amount of foreign substances in the fabric are the most important factors in the recycling process. The more severe a waste has, the more time it takes for the recycling workers, and requires more careful work. Color of fabric is also important. The more dye a fabric includes, the less valuable it becomes, and it turns into a waste difficult for recycling.

Dilo Group was at IDEA 2019 with the Most Recent Machine Concept

Dilo Group participated in IDEA 2019 exhibition held in Miami between 26-28 March. The most recent machine concepts from DiloGroup companies DiloTemafa, DiloSpinnbau and DiloMachines promoted with the emphasis on new equipment components which improve product quality, increase line capacity and furthermore enable new opportunities in nonwoven production.

DiloTemafa has introduced versions of the Baltromix bale opener and the card willow which are particularly suited to the processing of longer fibres at highest throughput. Longer cleaning intervals and shorter cleaning times also result from the design changes.

DiloSpinnbau has a new “Unifeed” card feeder (VRS-P) which combines the principle of volumetric charged feeding with the characteristics of a chute feeder but without the conventional overhead trunk which allows for lower ceiling height requirement. The fibre flock matt is condensed by a vacuum delivery apron to give better uniformity of mass distribution. The distribution over the working width is controlled by additional flaps. This feeder can be adapted for medium/fine to coarse and medium to long staple fibres.

The “VectorQuadroCard” incorporates a modular transfer group between breast and main section. The quick change facility of this roller group provides different carding options. The delivery system is also flexible to provide parallel laid, random or condensed web.

DiloMachines has a new horizontal crosslapper version “DLSC” which allows web infeed speeds up to 200 m/min depending on fibre specification. Such infeed speeds will prevent the lapper being the line bottleneck. The DLSC works in conjunction with the proven CV1A web regulation system for improved felt evenness and the potential for fibre savings. A further increase of the drive power within the three-apron-layering technology as well as the application of carbon fibre reinforced parts enables these major improvements.

Developments underway relating to the needling process include “Needle Module Technology” whereby needles are pre-mounted in multiple units of 22 for insertion into very high-density boards. It is reducing visible mark- ing patterns on the product´s surface significantly. Furthermore, it enables a simplified Needle insertion and shorter setup time.

In addition to wide needling lines for  the  economic   production of large volume products as in the geotextile industry, Dilo offers a “plug-and-play” compact line which is designed for the production of small amounts of high-quality felts, used e. g. in the medical sector and for specialty felts made from high-tech fibres.

The Dilo Compact Line includes fibre opening and blending, card feeding, carding and crosslapping, needling and winding. The working width of the compact carding machine is 1.1 m, the layering width is 2.2 m. Numerous innovations were realized in every single machine. These innovations also facilitate the modifications necessary for the needling of carbon fibre.

Dilo has introduced a new “HyperTex” technology which pro- duces multi-layer felts made from base web, reinforcing layer and upper web. By using the scrim fabric machine of Ontec Automation GmbH it is possible to integrate a grid of unconsolidated yarn or filaments between two webs. The scrim can be fed inline and is then needled together in the subsequent needle loom. A great advantage of this method is the very high production speed for the complete process. Scrim formation and subsequent nee- dling achieve speeds up to 40 m/min.

Thies is at Techtextil 2019 With Its Latest Range of Machines

Thies Textilmaschinen, 14-17 Mayıs tarihlerinde düzenlenecek olan Techtexil 2019 fuarında Salon 3’te F23 standında, teknik tekstillerin işlenmesinde kullanılan en yeni makinelerini tanıtacak.

The machines process a wide variety of yarns, fibres, nonwovens and fabrics suitable for various technical textile applications: for example aramide fibres which are used for security wear and top-end, bullet-proof automobiles.

iCone

The newly developed dyeing machine “iCone” treats yarns, fibres, flakes, cables, ropes and belts. The new technique enables dyeing in short fleet. Obtaining uniform dyes and the required fastness is self-evident. Due to the new energy-efficient (ee) functions the “iCone” is able to colour in a more cost effective and environmentally friendly way.

Another field of application is the discontinuous bleaching of cellulose fibres for medical purposes and/ or any other fibres such as polyester, acrylic and polyamide.

In the Thies product portfolio one can find the corresponding presses and dryers. Furthermore, the variety of “iCone” is reflected in the following areas of application: The treatment of threads, the dyeing and bleaching of yarns for the production of solar sails, tents, awnings and the finishing of hard-retardant yarns.

HT- Jigger

The Thies HT-Jigger is used for dyeing fabrics, nonwovens or space fabrics in open width form. The HT-Jigger offers stepless tension and material speed control with an economical dye trough. It has been designed to offer uniform dyeing in short liquor ratios. Suitable to process textiles at temperatures up to 1430C, the HT-Jigger is recommended for the treatment of crease sensitive, permeable and non-permeable fabrics; to offer optimum flexibility for finishing of all modern fibres.

iMaster H₂O

For applications where water consumption is an important con- sideration, together with other possible energy savings including steam, electricity plus chemicals and dyestuffs, the wellestablished iMaster H 0 dyeing machine is already proving successful with several automotive fabric producers. The notable process times of the iMaster H O dyeing machines facilitate higher production capacities.

The system features a transport winch inside the kier, allowing cotton, synthetic fibres and their blends, and including articles with a high elastane content, to be processed with significantly reduced elongation; resulting in fabrics with an improved stability whilst offering flexibil- ity in the processing of a wide range of products.

soft-TRD Slll

Designed for the universal dyeing of wovens, knits and nonwovens, this third generation of soft-TRD machines sets new standards in the efficient use of materials and resources.

The soft-TRD SIII is able to handle crease and surface sensitive articles at fabric speeds of up to 600 m/min. The free material flow and low intensive transport zone, guarantee optimum relaxation and uniform treatment of the entire rope.

The special design with its swimming material transport provides the finisher with increased flexibility in the processing of a wide range of fabrics and material weights.

Thies Multi Product Supply- System

Chemical and dyestuff feed systems complement the product range of the German Textile machinery manufacturer, Thies. The MPS-Systems supply dyeing and other finishing machines with chemicals, dyestuffs and textile auxiliaries. The individual design and the ideal synchronisation are noteworthy.

Heat Recovery System

To gain energy out of hot industrial waste water is the aim of Thies’ heat recovery systems. Special tubular heat exchanger allow high efficiencies and low payback periods. Various modern types can be connected to these systems.


Andritz was at IDEA 2019 with Its Innovative Nonwovens Production

Andritz presented its innovative nonwovens production and converting solutions at IDEA 2019 to be held in Miami, USA, from March 26 to 28.

In a continuously changing nonwovens market, the demands of first-class nonwovens production are increasing constantly – lower production costs, higher capacities and speeds, improved product quality as well as sustainable and intelligent production, to name but a few. ANDRITZ provides first-class air-through bonding, spunlaid, spunjet, spunlace, WetlaceTM, converting technologies and corresponding services to meet these demands for years to come.

Very high productivity is needed for the lighter fabrics required with perfect uniformity. ANDRITZ provides technologies that can more than fulfill these challenges. The spunlace roll goods may achieve weights of 25 gsm and even less for ultralight spunlace fabrics, and the web uniformity is of excellent quality. In addition, maximized uptimes, high capacities and intelligent production processes are the main requirements in a modern spunlaid production plant. The newly developed ANDRITZ neXcal twin pro generation is the response to these demands. With its outstanding features, like high-speed production of up to 1,300 m/min, IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) systems, clean production concept and operator-friendly machine configuration, it is a new milestone in nonwovens production. In addition, the spunjet process (in-line hydroentanglement of continuous filaments) can open up new business opportunities in terms of innovative products with added value, such as softness and bulkiness.

Moreover, the converting process for hygiene products requires premium quality standards, high capacities, and top-level production efficiency by reducing labor costs and machine down time. Every detail is essential. The latest developments take customers a step ahead in terms of diaper production. ANDRITZ Diatec offers its customers a comprehensive baby diaper lineup and meets diversified market requirements. Adult care is another key segment of the converting industry with growing demands from manufacturers all across the globe. The ANDRITZ Diatec adult pull-up line responds to this demand with its high-quality components and innovative technology processes. Converting processes applied to the food pad industry have resulted in ANDRITZ’s dedicated line for food pads.

100% BIODEGRADABLE, FLUSHABLE WIPES

The production of flushable/dispersible wipes is a frequently debated topic in terms of sustainablility and dispersibility of the product. These wipes can block the sewage system easily, whereas flushable wipes made on ANDRITZ WetlaceTM solutions (inclined wire forming and hydroentaglement), are 100% biodegradable and dispersible. In addition, fabrics produced using this innovative process comply with the latest EDANA/INDA flushability standards, passing all tests according to the new guidelines.

SPOT-ON AND SMART SERVICE TO KEEP CUSTOMERS’ MACHINES RUNNING

ANDRITZ offers a full service portfolio and thus can ensure improved uptime, productivity, and product quality – for years to come. This includes on-site support, specific training, line audits and troubleshooting, upgrades and modernizations, spare parts, and roll repair centers in Europe, North America, and China. In the USA, ANDRITZ is well supported in sales and service by its local branches ANDRITZ Küsters in Spartanburg, SC and ANDRITZ SHW in Torrington, CT.

ANDRITZ has developed attractive overall IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) solutions for existing and new plants under its new technology brand Metris. Nonwoven producers have high expectations of the greater plant efficiency and increased profitability that can be gained by networking machines and applying new technologies. Metris products are the very latest state of the art – they can be customized to suit individual customer requirements, and they make a substantial contribution towards helping customers achieve the best possible productivity and efficiency goals.

Perlon® will Present PearlTech® a Monofilament with a Special Surface

Perlon® will showcase PearlTech®, its latest product brand at Techtextil in Frankfurt from 14th – 17th May.

PearlTech® is a monofilament which has special particles incorporated into it. The size and shape of the particles is irregular and the material is unrelated to the base polymer. The particles are added into the polymer melt and evenly distributed over the whole cross-section. These newly acquired properties remain in- tact throughout the lifetime of the monofilament. The particles incorporated into the polymer matrix protrude slightly from the monofilament surface, giving PearlTech® an interesting optical appearance and a structured surface finish.

PearlTech® provides improved stability against wear, reduces machine power consumption (along the lines of Per- lon® Enersave®) whilst reducing the build-up of dirt on  the  end  product. The particles have no negative effect on hydrolysis resistance and furthermore offer the possibility to avoid the use of fluoropolymers. For this reason, PearlTech® provides a viable alternative to Perlon® EasyKleen® monofilament. PearlTech® monofilaments are notably used in sieves for the paper industry. They can also be used in the field of Advanced Technical Textiles for example in filtration (in particular solid-liquid separation) and in conveyor belt fabric. Through its ability to be customized, PearlTech® opens up the market for a host of new possibilities.

Perlon® QualiFil® range includes monofilaments with special properties such as flame retardancy (FireRetard®), elasticity (ElasTer®), abrasion resistancy (DuraFil®), stain resistancy (EasyKleen®), energy efficiency (EnerSave®) and UV stability. To avoid the need for a separate coating process, Perlon® has developed HighGrip monofilaments with tribological properties. These PET based BiCo monofilaments have a specific surface with special adhesive properties and different softening points. Bayco® (monofilaments for agriculture), Atlas® (Monofilaments for nautical rope) and PerlonXline (monofilaments for angling) round off the QualiFil® brands.

Perlon Group understands the need for sustainability in the future. The company is currently developing and carrying out research in the bio-monofilament field.

Graphene Unlocks New Potential For ‘Smart Textiles’

The quest to create affordable, durable and mass-produced ‘smart textiles’ has been given fresh impetus through the use of the wonder material Graphene.

An international team of scientists, led by Professor Monica Craciun from the University of Exeter Engineering department, has pioneered a new technique to create fully electronic fibres that can be incorporated into the production of everyday clothing. Currently, wearable electronics are achieved by essentially gluing devices to fabrics, which can mean they are too rigid and susceptible to malfunctioning. The new research instead integrates the electronic devices into the fabric of the material, by coating electronic fibres with light-weight, durable components that will allow images to be shown directly on the fabric. The research team believe that the discovery could revolutionise the creation of wearable electronic devices for use in a range of every day applications, as well as health monitoring, such as heart rates and blood pressure, and medical diagnostics.

The international collaborative research, which includes experts from the Centre for Graphene Science at the University of Exeter, the Universities of Aveiro and Lisbon in Portugal, and CenTexBel in Belgium, is published in the scientific journal Flexible Electronics. Professor Craciun, co-author of the research said: “For truly wearable electronic devices to be achieved, it is vital that the components are able to be incorporated within the material, and not simply added to it.”

Dr Elias Torres Alonso, Research Scientist at Graphenea and former PhD student in Professor Craciun’s team at Exeter added “By weaving the graphene fibres into the fabric, we have created a new technique to all the full integration of electronics into textiles.” At just one atom thick, graphene is the thinnest substance capable of conducting electricity. It is very flexible and is one of the strongest known materials. The race has been on for scientists and engineers to adapt graphene for the use in wearable electronic devices in recent years.This new research used existing polypropylene fibres – typically used in a host of commercial applications in the textile industry – to attach the new, graphene-based electronic fibres to create touch-sensor and light-emitting devices. The new technique means that the fabrics can incorporate truly wearable displays without the need for electrodes, wires of additional materials.

Akbaşlar Tekstil Conducts R & D Studies For Electronic Textiles That Control Health Status

Turkey’s largest “integrated textile enterprises” in the area Akbaşlar Tekstil gives great importance to textile R & D activities. It succeed innovations in textile sector by producing heat and cold resistant fabrics in outerwear.

Akbaşlar Tekstil R&D Center; was established in 2015 by getting approval from the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology. The company, which has Turkey’s 12th R & D Center, having a team of 40 people specialized tasks. In the company’s R & D Center; production and process development, product development, design, patent, chemistry analysis and physical testing units, women’s outerwear, sportswear and defense industry pro- jects are being carried out.

Serving the group of women’s outerwear and sport technical textiles, the company works with sustainable fiber products in outerwear. Akbaslar Textile takes care to use chemicals containing natural raw materials in its products. The company that keeps pace with technology and makes innovations; wind and water impermeable, providing moisture transfer, produces products create air conditioning effect that heat and cold resistant. At the same time, the company produces towel fabrics that can quickly absorb water and evaporate quickly. In addition to working on women’s outerwear and sportswear, Akbaşlar Tekstil has been conducting R&D studies on electronic textiles recently. The company carry out works on products that measuring and analyzing one’s vital functions and monitoring the health status of the person in electronic textile. The product produced by the company as a result of R & D activities will provide pulse, heartbeat and breath control. Aiming to increase the number of patents and utility models in electronic textile products, Akbaşlar Tekstil aims to realize EU projects among its targets.

Lenzing’s New Brand VEOCEL™ Responds to Increasing Concerns for Sustainability in the Nonwoven Market

Producing quality fibers from renewable wood raw materials with environmentally friendly and innovative technologies, Lenzing Group has conducted a survey with 3.900 women consumers of wet wipes and hygienic products living in Europe, North America and Asia.

The survey was conducted by SSI, an independent market research company. When consumers in the survey were asked which environmental concerns were more important for them, biodegradability (over 60%) and recycling (approx. 45%) was the top answers.

Eco-friendly production is an issue, not only the consumers, but also the manufacturers and brands focus on. Especially the manufacturers of wet wipes and toilet wipes are making significant investments in this area in line with the increasing awareness on the flushableness and durability of fibers obtained from petrochemicals. Setting the global standards in fibers,Lenzing has taken a very important step in this field last year. The group’s brand, VEOCEL ™, positioned in the nonwoven industry, has announced the Eco Disperse technology, which enables production of flushable toilet wipes.

Flushable Products

Wolfgang Plasser, Global Business Management Vice President at Lenzing AG Nonwoven Group, said that they are continuing their work with the VEOCEL ™ brand in the nonwoven market since June 2018. Plasser said, “The VEOCEL™ fibers are certified clean and safe, biodegradable, from botanic origin and produced in an environmentally responsible production process.” The most important advantage of the Eco Disperse technology products, which are considered to be the most advanced fibers in the brand’s portfolio, is that the product is completely soluble after mixing with the water thanks to its short cutting length and strong fine diameter. These features make it possible to flush products such as wet wipes. Wolfgang Plasser, Global Business Management Vice President at Lenzing AG Nonwoven Group, said that “You need to pass a series of seven tests to reach flushability level and to be able to claim that your product is flushable.” These groups of tests were launched by INDA and EDANA together in the US and Europe under what is referred to as GD4. This gives a guideline to players in the flushable nonwovens market. The application requires to meet two targets. One is to be able to do the cleaning job and the other is to disintegrate completely while flushed without blocking the sewage systems. This was a tricky thing and took us a while to develop such a product.”

Designed to be used in wet toilet wipes, this fiber contains nonwoven fabrics with 20% of the new Veocel Lyocell fibres and 80% of wood pulp. The fiber could reach 90% disintegration within 30 minutes, faster than the passing INDA/EDANA benchmark.

It can also be used in the baby wipes!

Stating that as Lenzing they focus on 100% biodegradable, single-use nonwoven segment, Wolfgang Plasser said that the wet wipes products come to the fore in the category of single-use products. Plasser also said that they foresee that the VEOCEL™ with Eco Disperse technology, which has a wet strength of about 50% higher than viscose fiber, will be used in non-flushable industrial products and baby wipes in the coming period.

A sustainable alternative

Uğur Uyansoy, Nonwoven Segment Business Development and Sales Manager at Lenzing Elyaf AŞ., said that “Turkey is a developing market in the nonwovens and is open to sustainable solutions. Thanks to their botanical origin and their biodegradability, the VEOCEL ™ fibers are an eco-friendly and sustainable alternative. Our fibers can be used in the body wipes, wet wipes, baby wipes, wet toilet wipes, and even for the surfaces in addition to beauty products such as make-up cleansing wipes. The added value benefits of the VEOCEL ™ Lyocell fibers, such as high absorbency, natural smoothness and biodegradability can gain a different perspective for the nonwoven market.”

Lenzing Ranked first by Canopy for Sustainable Wood Sourcing

The Lenzing Group has once again been rated the number one producer of wood-based fibers (out of 31 globally) in the world with respect to the responsible procurement of wood, the key raw material in cellulose fiber production. This is the conclusion of the Hot Button Report published recently by the Canadian environmental organization Canopy.

“We are proud of this top ranking. It underpins our role as a leader in sustainability and gives our customers confidence that we have the right practices in place to prevent the use of wood and pulp from ancient and endangered forests”, says Stefan Doboczky, Chief Executive Officer of Lenzing. “Sustainable wood and pulp sourcing has long been given the highest priority by the Lenzing Group. Forest protection is crucial for Lenzing, not least because of the loss of biodiversity and climate change, which are becoming ever more important issues.” Responsible sourcing and sustainability are key elements of Lenzing’s corporate strategy. They help preserve global forests and prevent deforestation, which in turn make a substantial contribution to climate protection.

The Hot Button Report proves once more that there is a low risk for buyers using Lenzing fibers. Lenzing was one of the first wood-based fiber producers to complete and publicly release the results of its CanopyStyle Audit in 2017 confirming this. In 2019, the company will complete its second annual audit.

LENZING’S ACHIEVEMENTS IN SUSTAINABILITY

In 2018, Lenzing adopted additional due diligence measures when sourcing from high-risk countries, a decision positively noted by Canopy. Lenzing’s innovative TENCEL™ Lyocell fibers with REFIBRA™ technology, in which cotton scraps are partly used as a raw material, have been welcomed by the market as a product that takes pressure off the use of wood as a raw material. REFIBRA™ technology is the most advanced concept in the wood-based fiber market that clearly incorporates circular economy features on a commercial level.

Canopy also praised Lenzing for using its influence to help advance a conservation legacy in the heart of Canada’s boreal forest. Lenzing communicated its support and encouragement for formal protection of the Broadback Forest to government and First Nation decision makers.