H&M Garment Collection Program Makes Great Contribution to Recycling

Introducing the Garment Collection Program in Turkey, a project aiming to contribute to recycling, H&M seeks a sustainable fashion for the future. The Swedish-based H&M’s garment collection program has been launched all over the world.

The Garment Collection Program, a global initiative launched by H&M for the future of a sustainable fashion, makes a major contribution to recycling. All kinds of clothes, which are no longer used, torn, cut, removed, one pair lost or not liked anymore, are taken to the H&M stores to give them a new life and contribute to the ecosystem.

Announcing the campaign with the slogan “Bring It” to prevent fashion from being thrown away, H&M emphasizes that it does not matter whether the garments are too much worn out for the second chance. Even old, torn or faded home textile products are also included in the campaign. In this program, the garments are first collected and classified, and then sent to the relevant process according to their classification.

The program consists of 3 phases, which are:

Wear Again

In this phase, which is designed to prevent the re-wearable garments to be wasted, the products continue to be used to reduce waste production with the zero waste approach.


Garments, which can no longer can be used, are decomposed into new products. These products, which have lost their ability to be reused, are recycled without being wasted.


H&M’s message for this class is as such:

“Put the garment you don’t use anymore in a plastic bag and put it in the recycle bin at the nearest store. Regardless of their brand and condition, all kinds of textiles including socks with lost pairs, worn out t-shirts and old linens are accepted. Products are sent to the nearest recycling facility and separated by hand. For each textile product bag you leave, you will be entitled to receive a discount coupon, which you can use for your next exciting purchase.”

Fabrics, which cannot be reused, have a second chance to be used as textile fibers or are used in the manufacture of insulation and humidifying materials for the automotive industry. All the income from the collected garments is donated to the textile recycling researches and social responsibility projects.

So what happens to the donated textile products?

By using reverse logistics, the collected garments are taken to the company’s warehouses and collection points. The solution partner, I:CO, takes the collected garments from these locations and takes them to the nearest separation place.

The collected products are categorized and separated, and the reusable ones are given to people who need them. Then, the non-reusable ones are turned into cleaning cloths and advanced recycling products. And some of them are ground and used as filling material in the construction and automotive industries. Some products are given a second chance to be used as textile fibers. These are made into yarns and used in H&M Conscious products.

Nothing is wasted during this process. Even buttons and zippers are spearated and recycled. Even the dust that come out is used. They are turned into cube-shaped cardboard by-products to be used in the paper industry. The last remaining percentage are burned and turned into energy.

Textile Recycling Contributes Greatly to Economy and Environment

Recycling has gained importance with the problems caused by industrialization such as the depletion of natural resources and the increase in environmental pollution. Efforts to improve recycling in the textile industry, second to the petroleum industry in polluting the world, has gained momentum day by day.

Textile waste consists of wastes from artificial yarn factories, textile manufacturing wastes and consumer wastes. Organizations, which aim to produce global solutions for the textile and apparel industries are working on the reuse and recycling of textile wastes.

Intensive efforts are being made for the reuse of almost 100% of textile products as it bears a great importance. For example, denim products may contain up to 20% recycled cotton fibers. More technological innovation is needed in ordeer to increase this rate without compromising quality. In the recycling of denim products, unused denim products are disintegrated until they turn into fibers. Most of these fibers are used as insulating material while the rest of them is mixed with unused fibers to produce new fabrics.

Recycling Helps Reduce Carbon Footprint

Recycling facilities are needed to use clothes for recycling. A recycling facility can be established if 500 tons or more textile products can be collected on a daily basis. Natural resources are conserved, energy saving is achieved, waste amount is reduced, economy is contributed, and more investment can be made for the future all thanks to the waste recycling.

To produce a simple T-shirt and jeans, 8 tonnes of water is consumed. At the same time, an unpredictable amount of chemical materials and energy are used to turn fabrics into apparels. A large amount of chemicals are releaed into the environment from fabric dyes used in the production of conventional cotton or clothes with numerous colors. Recycling this large amount of water and energy starts by adding the unused clothes to the production cycle.

The carbon footprint, which shows the amount of carbon used per person released to the environment is reduced by recycling the clothes in the production cycle. This way, a contribution is made for the environment. Habits like walking or cycling instead of driving or using public transportation instead of private cars, and recycling old clothes help reduce the carbon footprint. Recycling a single pair of jeans helps reusing of 32 kgs of carbon released into the air and 400 MJ of energy in production, thus helping keep the carbon emission remain steady rather than increased.

How to Recycle Textiles?

Textile recycling is almost identical to the recycling of other substances and undergoes the same processes. First of all, the wastes obtained from manufacturers and consumers are placed in a certain order according to the fabric color and type. A correct classification is the most important part in recycling.

In case of an error, products obtained from recycling may also differ. New substances obtained from certain processes are sold to the new buyers according to the differences of usage and reintroduced in the economy.

Fabric Recycling

Fabric recycling is riskier than other recycling areas and requires more labor. There is more intensive competition in fabric recycling. The color and amount of foreign substances in the fabric are the most important factors in the recycling process. The more severe a waste has, the more time it takes for the recycling workers, and requires more careful work. Color of fabric is also important. The more dye a fabric includes, the less valuable it becomes, and it turns into a waste difficult for recycling.

Biodegradable Nonwovens And Application Areas

Deniz Duran1, Hatice Aktekeli2

1,2 Ege University – Faculty of Engineering – Textile Engineering Department.


The rapid increase in the world population leads to the depletion of our natural resources and to the increase of environmental pollution. In recent years, many studies have been carried out to produce alternative solutions to these problems. Community awareness is growing and accordingly, interest is growing towards safe, biodegradable synthetic materials that are either recyclable or that do not harm the environment. In this study, the researches about the polylactic acit(PLA), which are obtained by using natural based raw materials which are self-destructive in natüre, and PLA’s usage areas.


Population growth and industrialization in the world has brought environmental problems. For this reason, sustainability has become an important issue of the whole world in recent years. The textile industry is also in search of solutions that support sustainability, from raw material selection to production methods, like many other industrial areas(Erten, 2004; Kalaycı et al., 2016).

Petroleum-derived raw materials, which take many years of decay in nature and when they start to deteriorate, causing to emit harmful chemicals to the environment and slowly pollute our food chain, as well as the non-renewable energy, are a serious threat to their living life as well as environmental pollution. In this context, the use of natural based raw materials instead of petroleum based synthetic fibers is one of the methods that can create an alternative to sustainable textile production. For this reason, biodegradable polymers which do not harm the environment and which can disappear without leaving waste in nature are important(Kalaycı et al., 2016; Çebin, 2016).

Polylactic acid (PLA) is the most commonly used biodegradable polymer in textile industry.

2.Polylactic Acid (PLA)

Polylactic acid(PLA), a repeating unit of lactic acid, is a polymer entering the group of aliphatic polyesters. One of the most important characteristics is that it is a biodegradable and compostable thermoplastic polymer produced from starch rich vegetable sources such as corn, sugar cane and wheat.

The lactide monomer forming the polylactic acid can be produced by carbohydrate fermentation or chemical synthesis. Produced lactic acids today are produced by fermentation. PLA polymer is made by ring opening polymerization mechanism. By this method, high molecular weight PLA is obtained(Ray, 2005).

General Features of PLA

  • PLA is synthesized from renewable sources.
    • PLA is a 100% biodegradable polymer. In nature, it disappears spontaneously in a short period of time such as 0-2 years.
    • PLA is an ecological polymer that can decompose in nature without any danger and does not contaminate the soil during its degredation.

PLA Degradation

The degradation of the PLA in nature takes place in 2 steps:

  1. High molecular weight (Mn> 4000) chains are hydrolyzed to low molecular weight oligomers (the reaction continues by accelerating with the addition of acid or alcali and the effect of temperature and humidity).
  2. When Mn <4000, the microorganisms in the environment continue to deteriorate by releasing smaller molecular weight compounds such as carbon dioxide,  water and humus(Farrington et al., 2005).

3. Nonwoven Surface Production Techniques

Polylactic acid polymers can be applied to the surface with nonwoven surface technologies and they are widely used. For this purpose, needling and melt blowing methods are mostly used.

3.1. Needle punching method

In the needle punching method, fiber bundles are fed to the cards by air flow after opening and blending. After the carding, with the structure called camel back, the web comes to the laying and folding band and is laid on top according to the desired thickness. Needling is carried out throughout the thickness of the web which is formed by the unbonded fiber. The notched needles move the fibers from one face of the web to the other face to form a complex structure, during the needling, some of the fibers and filaments move up to the needles and another part remains in place and the fibers are pulled down with repeatedly immersed needles. In this way, mechanical bond of the fibers is carried out.

3.2. Meltblowing method

The most common and current definition used for the meltblown method is the one-step process, also it is surface forming method by the way of the thermoplastic raw material is melted in the extruder and self-bonded by spraying the microfibers onto the cylinder from nozzle with high-speed air flow.

Polymer material being melted in the extruder, is sprayed through the nozzle holes with high speed hot air flow and the micro-size fibers are cooled and solidified as they move towards the collection cylinder. The solidified fibers form a randomly oriented non- woven surface in the collection cylinder. Due to the turbulence created by the air flow, the fibers are placed highly complex. Usually a vacuum placed in the collector retracts hot air(Duran, 2004).

4.Usage Areas of Biodegradable Nonwovens

Nonwovens produced by biodegradable PLA which is obtained by using needling and melt blown techniques find a wide range of applications. Textile fibers can be used for growing different human organs. This process involves the planting and  cultivation of cells living in human organs on a textile scaffold. This skeleton consists of biodegradable polymers made of biocompatible and degradable polymers and fibers such as biodegradable PLA.

Apart from these, applications where PLA fibers are used in medical field are given below:

  • Special membranes for use in nerve injuries,
    • In parts which can be implanted to the body,
    • In controlled drug release systems,
    • Bandage, wound closure etc. materials (Farrington et al., 2005). It is also used as top layer and additive layers in the diaper and women’s hygiene market due to its elastic properties.

PLA has the opportunity to be applied in the automotive field.

  • In 2003, PLA was used as a floor covering for Toyota Raum and Prius models. Here, the last group of PLA was closed to prevent hydrolysis.
    • In 2008, PLA fiber was used for the Mazda door sill.
    • Mitsubishi used a floor covering with Nylon 6 and PLA fibers in a special production vehicle (Auras et al., 2010)

In the agricultural field, PLA is used in applications such as sandbags, weed prevention networks, plant nets and pots. Important features for such applications; it is the process of maintaining structural integrity during use and degradation under the soil after use (Üner and Koçak, 2012).

  • Conclusion

In recent years, many studies have been carried out in order to generate alternative solutions to the rapid growth of the world population, the depletion of our natural resources and the increase of environmental pollution. Accordingly, there is growing interest in safe, biodegradable synthetic materials that are either recyclable or that do not harm the environment.

In the production of nonwovens can be produced in a short time and at a more affordable cost since it does not contain the stages such as yarn preparation, warp preparation, finishing process and so on. In recent years, the importance of biodegradability in the production of nonwovens with the use of mostly petroleum-derived raw materials has started to be used in the self-destructing raw materials in nature.

In the result of these, researchers are conducting research on the use of these environmentalist raw materials in a wider field. Thanks to their superior fiber properties, the use of these environmentally friendly fibers, which are expanding day by day, is expected to become more widespread.


Auras, R., Lim, L.T, Selke, S.E.M., and Tsuji, H., 2010, Poly(lactic acid): Synthesis, Structures, Properties, Processing, and Applications, A John Wiley & Sons,Inc., Publication.

Çebin B., 2016, Plastik Poşet Kullanımının Çevreye Verdiği Zararlar, (Erişim Tarihi: 10 Mayıs 2017).

Duran, K., 2004, Dokusuz Yüzeyler, Teknik Fuarcılık Yayınları, İzmir, 408s.

Erten, S., 2004, Çevre Eğitimi Ve Çevre Bilinci Nedir, Çevre Eğitimi Nasıl Olmalıdır?, Çevre ve İnsan Dergisi, Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı Yayın Organı, 65-66.

Farrington, D. W., Lunt, J., Davies, S., Blackburn, R. S., 2005, Biodegradable Sustainable Fibers, Chap-6,Poly(lactic acid) fibers, 191-220.

Kalaycı, E., Avinc, O. O., Bozkurt, A., Yavaş, A., (2016). Tarımsal atıklardan elde edilen sürdürülebilir tekstil lifleri: Ananas yaprağı lifleri. Sakarya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 20(2), 203-221. Ray S.S., Bousmina M., 2005, Biodegrable Polimer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites, Progress in Materials Science, Vol. 50, No. 8. Tipper, M., Gullemois, E., 2016, Advances in Technical Nonwovens, Developments in the use of nonofibers in nonwovens, 115- 132.

Üner, İ., Koçak, E.D., 2012, Poli(Laktik Asit)’in Kullanım Alanları ve Nano Lif Üretimdeki Uygulamaları, İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 11(22), 79-88.

URL-1: www.total-corbion.com/about-pla/pla-lifecycle/, (Erişim Tarihi: 29 Ağustos 2018). URL-2: www.nptel.ac.in, (Erişim Tarihi: 17 Ağustos 2018).

Solar Cells Embedded Clothes Can Charge Mobile Phone

Scientists from Nottingham Trent University have developed a technology to embed miniaturised solar cells into yarn that can then be knitted and woven into textiles. This can lead to clothing embedded with tiny solar cells the size of a flea which will allow wearers to generate electricity on the move and charge items like mobile phones and smartwatches.

The technology has been tested and proven to charge a mobile phone and a Fitbit. The cells are encapsulated in a resin which allows the textile fabric to be washed and worn like any other form of clothing. Measuring only three millimetres in length and 1.5 millimetres in width, the cells are almost invisible to the naked eye and cannot be felt by the wearer. For all intents and purposes, garments appear exactly the same as any other form of clothing despite having the capability to generate electricity. Project lead Professor Tilak Dias, of the School of Art and Design, said: “By embedding miniaturised solar cells into yarn we can create clothing and fabric that generate power in a sustainable way. The clothing would look and behave like any other textile, but within the fibres would be a network of miniaturised cells which are creating electricity. This could do away with the need to plug items into wall sockets and reduce the demand on the grid while cutting carbon emissions. The electrical power demand for smart e-textiles has always been its Achilles heel and this technology will allow people to use smart textiles while on the move,” Dias added.

Up to 200 miniaturised cells can generate 2.5-10 volts and up to 80 miliwatts in power. The university’s Advanced Textiles Research Group made a proof of concept textile of 5cm by 5cm size with 200 cells.

This proved powerful enough to charge a mobile phone and a Fitbit. Researchers say if 2,000 solar cells were incorporated into a textile it would generate enough power to charge a smart phone.

Researcher Achala Satharasinghe, who developed the prototype as part of his PhD at the university, said: “This is an exciting technology which could revolutionise the way we think about solar power, clothing and wearable technology. With the availability of miniaturised solar cells we can generate power in a range of new ways, by utilising things like clothing, fashion accessories, textiles and more. It will allow mobile devices to be charged in environmentally-friendly ways which are more convenient for consumers than ever before,” Satharasinghe said.

Oerlikon Presented Its Expanded Nonwovens Product Portfolio at the IDEA 2019

Oerlikon presented its complete nonwoven plant portfolio for the production of airlaid, meltblown, spunbond- ed and hybrid materials at this year’s IDEA in Miami from 25–28 March. The focus of its presentation was on solutions for hygiene, medical and other disposable nonwovens.

Visitors to this year’s IDEA can inform themselves on the wide range of products at Oerlikon’s exhibition stand.

Two strong partnerships for disposable nonwovens

While two years ago the Nonwoven business unit of the Oerlikon Manmade Fibers segment focused almost exclusively on solutions for technical applications, the company has now expanded its product portfolio to include solutions for disposable nonwovens by establishing strong partnerships.

Oerlikon & Teknoweb Materials – two strong partners for the nonwoven industry

As early as spring 2017, Oerlikon Manmade Fibers’ Nonwoven busi- ness unit had entered into a strategic partnership with the Italian company Teknoweb Materials.

Teknoweb Materials is an established technology supplier in the field of wipes and other disposable nonwovens. With its LEVRA technology, the company has its own patented, particularly efficient manufacturing process for wipes. It also has extensive process know-how on the making and further processing of these nonwoven materials. The Nonwoven busi- ness unit of Oerlikon’s Manmade Fibers segment com- pletes this partnership with its well-established machine and plant solutions. Teknoweb Materials also were be represented at IDEA at the Oerlikon exhibition stand.

Cooperation with Shaoyang Textile Machinery

For spunmelt systems solutions for hygiene and medical applications, Oerlikon has been in cooperation with the Chinese machine and plant manufacturer Shaoyang Textile Machinery since Autumn of last year. The goal of these cooperation partners is to advance the international marketing of spunmelt plants outside of China. Oerlikon Manmade Fibers’ Nonwoven business unit contributes its plant engineering know-how and is responsible for product and process guarantees. Oerlikon also assumes the overall project responsibility as well as world-wide customer service outside of China.

Groz-Beckert Felting and Carding Specialists Joined at the IDEA Miami

Groz-Beckert presented the Felting and Carding product areas at IDEA from 26 to 28 March 2019.

Over 550 exhibitors, visitors and companies from 70 countries come together at the Miami Beach Convention Center. The Felting product division of Groz-Beckert presented the innovative HyTec® P jet strip for the spunlace industry. With it, all mechanical properties improve such as scratch resistance, bending stiffness and service life thanks to its significantly higher hardness. The acrylic exhibit shows three different versions of the new HyTec® P jet strip.

Groz-Beckert will focused on special needle solutions: the EcoStar® and Gebecon® felting needle.

The special working part cross-section of the EcoStar® felting needle meets the highest demands for product surface quality in all applications. Compared with a standard felting needle, the EcoStar® felting needle achieves an energy saving of up to seven percent in the needling process.

With the Gebecon® felting needle, users also benefit from an improvedsurface quality of the end product. The patented working part design provides optimal bending resistance and results in improved needling parameters.

Enlarged scale models represent the special geometries and shapes of the Gebecon® and EcoStar® felting needles down to the last detail.A special highlight for visitors to the Groz-Beckert booth is the live demonstration on a lab-scale needling machine. This highlight the advantages of a Gebecon® felting needle compared with a standard conical felting needle via a penetration force measuring device.The Carding product area also represented at IDEA with its range of products and services. At the Groz-Beckert booth, the Carding product area presented its extensive range of services for the nonwoven industry, and visitors will have the opportunity to interact with Carding specialists.

Karl Mayer’s Machines and Webshop was at JEC World

Karl Mayer Technische Textilien presented itself as competent partner of the composite industry at JEC World, 12.-14 March 2019 in Paris, Hall 5, Stand Q 58.

Karl Mayer Technische Textilien GmbH is an important player in the composite sector, so that the participation in the leading trade fair, the JEC World, is a must for the company. Karl Mayer Technische Textilien showed innovative solutions for producing high-quality reinforcement textiles on its information stand in Paris Nord Villepinte Exhibition Center.

Karl Mayer Technische Textilien’s exhibited products include are; namely the COP MAX 4 as a flexible multi-axial warp knitting machine intended for the manufacture of multilayered, multi-axial structures with angles ranging between maximum +20° and -20° as well as the COP MAX 5 especially designed for processing carbon fibers. For the efficient spreading of fiber tapes, the company displayed its fiber spreading unit UD 700. The guests gathered information on the high-tech machines by means of video presentations, print media and during discussions with the Karl Mayer specialists, and they also learned more about the technical features. Besides, the visitors were have the opportunity to get information on Karl Mayer’s latest development trends regarding the production of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic tapes. Another focal point of the exhibition was the topic: Karl Mayer Webshop Spare Parts. The customers from the technical textiles sector were have the chance to try out on the spot how easy it is to place orders by using Karl Mayer’s well-tried tool.

Dilo Group was at IDEA 2019 with the Most Recent Machine Concept

Dilo Group participated in IDEA 2019 exhibition held in Miami between 26-28 March. The most recent machine concepts from DiloGroup companies DiloTemafa, DiloSpinnbau and DiloMachines promoted with the emphasis on new equipment components which improve product quality, increase line capacity and furthermore enable new opportunities in nonwoven production.

DiloTemafa has introduced versions of the Baltromix bale opener and the card willow which are particularly suited to the processing of longer fibres at highest throughput. Longer cleaning intervals and shorter cleaning times also result from the design changes.

DiloSpinnbau has a new “Unifeed” card feeder (VRS-P) which combines the principle of volumetric charged feeding with the characteristics of a chute feeder but without the conventional overhead trunk which allows for lower ceiling height requirement. The fibre flock matt is condensed by a vacuum delivery apron to give better uniformity of mass distribution. The distribution over the working width is controlled by additional flaps. This feeder can be adapted for medium/fine to coarse and medium to long staple fibres.

The “VectorQuadroCard” incorporates a modular transfer group between breast and main section. The quick change facility of this roller group provides different carding options. The delivery system is also flexible to provide parallel laid, random or condensed web.

DiloMachines has a new horizontal crosslapper version “DLSC” which allows web infeed speeds up to 200 m/min depending on fibre specification. Such infeed speeds will prevent the lapper being the line bottleneck. The DLSC works in conjunction with the proven CV1A web regulation system for improved felt evenness and the potential for fibre savings. A further increase of the drive power within the three-apron-layering technology as well as the application of carbon fibre reinforced parts enables these major improvements.

Developments underway relating to the needling process include “Needle Module Technology” whereby needles are pre-mounted in multiple units of 22 for insertion into very high-density boards. It is reducing visible mark- ing patterns on the product´s surface significantly. Furthermore, it enables a simplified Needle insertion and shorter setup time.

In addition to wide needling lines for  the  economic   production of large volume products as in the geotextile industry, Dilo offers a “plug-and-play” compact line which is designed for the production of small amounts of high-quality felts, used e. g. in the medical sector and for specialty felts made from high-tech fibres.

The Dilo Compact Line includes fibre opening and blending, card feeding, carding and crosslapping, needling and winding. The working width of the compact carding machine is 1.1 m, the layering width is 2.2 m. Numerous innovations were realized in every single machine. These innovations also facilitate the modifications necessary for the needling of carbon fibre.

Dilo has introduced a new “HyperTex” technology which pro- duces multi-layer felts made from base web, reinforcing layer and upper web. By using the scrim fabric machine of Ontec Automation GmbH it is possible to integrate a grid of unconsolidated yarn or filaments between two webs. The scrim can be fed inline and is then needled together in the subsequent needle loom. A great advantage of this method is the very high production speed for the complete process. Scrim formation and subsequent nee- dling achieve speeds up to 40 m/min.

Thies is at Techtextil 2019 With Its Latest Range of Machines

Thies Textilmaschinen, 14-17 Mayıs tarihlerinde düzenlenecek olan Techtexil 2019 fuarında Salon 3’te F23 standında, teknik tekstillerin işlenmesinde kullanılan en yeni makinelerini tanıtacak.

The machines process a wide variety of yarns, fibres, nonwovens and fabrics suitable for various technical textile applications: for example aramide fibres which are used for security wear and top-end, bullet-proof automobiles.


The newly developed dyeing machine “iCone” treats yarns, fibres, flakes, cables, ropes and belts. The new technique enables dyeing in short fleet. Obtaining uniform dyes and the required fastness is self-evident. Due to the new energy-efficient (ee) functions the “iCone” is able to colour in a more cost effective and environmentally friendly way.

Another field of application is the discontinuous bleaching of cellulose fibres for medical purposes and/ or any other fibres such as polyester, acrylic and polyamide.

In the Thies product portfolio one can find the corresponding presses and dryers. Furthermore, the variety of “iCone” is reflected in the following areas of application: The treatment of threads, the dyeing and bleaching of yarns for the production of solar sails, tents, awnings and the finishing of hard-retardant yarns.

HT- Jigger

The Thies HT-Jigger is used for dyeing fabrics, nonwovens or space fabrics in open width form. The HT-Jigger offers stepless tension and material speed control with an economical dye trough. It has been designed to offer uniform dyeing in short liquor ratios. Suitable to process textiles at temperatures up to 1430C, the HT-Jigger is recommended for the treatment of crease sensitive, permeable and non-permeable fabrics; to offer optimum flexibility for finishing of all modern fibres.

iMaster H₂O

For applications where water consumption is an important con- sideration, together with other possible energy savings including steam, electricity plus chemicals and dyestuffs, the wellestablished iMaster H 0 dyeing machine is already proving successful with several automotive fabric producers. The notable process times of the iMaster H O dyeing machines facilitate higher production capacities.

The system features a transport winch inside the kier, allowing cotton, synthetic fibres and their blends, and including articles with a high elastane content, to be processed with significantly reduced elongation; resulting in fabrics with an improved stability whilst offering flexibil- ity in the processing of a wide range of products.

soft-TRD Slll

Designed for the universal dyeing of wovens, knits and nonwovens, this third generation of soft-TRD machines sets new standards in the efficient use of materials and resources.

The soft-TRD SIII is able to handle crease and surface sensitive articles at fabric speeds of up to 600 m/min. The free material flow and low intensive transport zone, guarantee optimum relaxation and uniform treatment of the entire rope.

The special design with its swimming material transport provides the finisher with increased flexibility in the processing of a wide range of fabrics and material weights.

Thies Multi Product Supply- System

Chemical and dyestuff feed systems complement the product range of the German Textile machinery manufacturer, Thies. The MPS-Systems supply dyeing and other finishing machines with chemicals, dyestuffs and textile auxiliaries. The individual design and the ideal synchronisation are noteworthy.

Heat Recovery System

To gain energy out of hot industrial waste water is the aim of Thies’ heat recovery systems. Special tubular heat exchanger allow high efficiencies and low payback periods. Various modern types can be connected to these systems.

Andritz was at IDEA 2019 with Its Innovative Nonwovens Production

Andritz presented its innovative nonwovens production and converting solutions at IDEA 2019 to be held in Miami, USA, from March 26 to 28.

In a continuously changing nonwovens market, the demands of first-class nonwovens production are increasing constantly – lower production costs, higher capacities and speeds, improved product quality as well as sustainable and intelligent production, to name but a few. ANDRITZ provides first-class air-through bonding, spunlaid, spunjet, spunlace, WetlaceTM, converting technologies and corresponding services to meet these demands for years to come.

Very high productivity is needed for the lighter fabrics required with perfect uniformity. ANDRITZ provides technologies that can more than fulfill these challenges. The spunlace roll goods may achieve weights of 25 gsm and even less for ultralight spunlace fabrics, and the web uniformity is of excellent quality. In addition, maximized uptimes, high capacities and intelligent production processes are the main requirements in a modern spunlaid production plant. The newly developed ANDRITZ neXcal twin pro generation is the response to these demands. With its outstanding features, like high-speed production of up to 1,300 m/min, IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) systems, clean production concept and operator-friendly machine configuration, it is a new milestone in nonwovens production. In addition, the spunjet process (in-line hydroentanglement of continuous filaments) can open up new business opportunities in terms of innovative products with added value, such as softness and bulkiness.

Moreover, the converting process for hygiene products requires premium quality standards, high capacities, and top-level production efficiency by reducing labor costs and machine down time. Every detail is essential. The latest developments take customers a step ahead in terms of diaper production. ANDRITZ Diatec offers its customers a comprehensive baby diaper lineup and meets diversified market requirements. Adult care is another key segment of the converting industry with growing demands from manufacturers all across the globe. The ANDRITZ Diatec adult pull-up line responds to this demand with its high-quality components and innovative technology processes. Converting processes applied to the food pad industry have resulted in ANDRITZ’s dedicated line for food pads.


The production of flushable/dispersible wipes is a frequently debated topic in terms of sustainablility and dispersibility of the product. These wipes can block the sewage system easily, whereas flushable wipes made on ANDRITZ WetlaceTM solutions (inclined wire forming and hydroentaglement), are 100% biodegradable and dispersible. In addition, fabrics produced using this innovative process comply with the latest EDANA/INDA flushability standards, passing all tests according to the new guidelines.


ANDRITZ offers a full service portfolio and thus can ensure improved uptime, productivity, and product quality – for years to come. This includes on-site support, specific training, line audits and troubleshooting, upgrades and modernizations, spare parts, and roll repair centers in Europe, North America, and China. In the USA, ANDRITZ is well supported in sales and service by its local branches ANDRITZ Küsters in Spartanburg, SC and ANDRITZ SHW in Torrington, CT.

ANDRITZ has developed attractive overall IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) solutions for existing and new plants under its new technology brand Metris. Nonwoven producers have high expectations of the greater plant efficiency and increased profitability that can be gained by networking machines and applying new technologies. Metris products are the very latest state of the art – they can be customized to suit individual customer requirements, and they make a substantial contribution towards helping customers achieve the best possible productivity and efficiency goals.